If you’re grading on effectiveness, simplicity, and adaptability, the Elk Hair Caddis scores an 11. Tied with just a few materials, it can be dressed up in countless ways to match specific caddis hatches.
Scuds are an important food source for trout. Whether you want to add a hot spot (as demonstrated here) or try and match what you're finding in your local waters, you'll be able to use this basic pattern as a jumping off point.
Based on a bass lure called a Reaper, this pattern is intended to be fished in warm water. It sinks quickly and rides upside-down (as it is tied on a jig hook) so it won't be as likely to get caught in the weeds. It's most note-worthy quality: movement, and lots of it.
The Frenchie is a member of an increasingly popular family of flies: competition nymphs. With a recipe that consists of only a few materials, it is a great way to fill boxes quickly with an effective, quick-sinking little fish catcher.
A classic wet fly with varying origin stories, this is an anything-that-swims pattern for lakes and rivers. It uses just a few materials, comes together quickly, and can be modified in a myriad of ways.